Florida is the first state to comply with US Supreme Court requirements and the first state to execute someone against their will after 1976, John Spenkelink claimed to have acted in self-defense and was executed in 1979, fifteen years after the last execution in that state. The executions were carried out by hanging until 1924, by electric chair since 1924 and since that date the convict has the choice between the electric chair and lethal injection1,2.
The death penalty is incurred there for aggravated murder and theoretically for the sale of a lethal drug and child rape followed by injuries. The judge decides on the sentence after being informed of the number of jurors who approve a possible death sentence, a direct appeal is made to the state Supreme Court. The governor fixes the dates of executions, a possible commutation can be decided by the pardon committee in which the governor has a right of veto.
Until June 30, 2008, executions were suspended following the killing of Ángel Nieves Díaz (in) which took place under conditions then strongly criticized and trying for the victim. A moratorium initiated by Jeb Bush on lethal injection was initiated. The new governor Charlie Crist decided to put an end to this moratorium established by his predecessor by signing the execution order of Mark Dean Schwab, who was himself suspended by a national moratorium on the death penalty; he then signed this order again on July 1, 2008 when this second moratorium was stopped.
Convicts are on average executed after spending fourteen years on death row. These wear an orange jumpsuit as opposed to the other prisoners dressed in blue.
Last execution since 1979 : 112
Last execution date : 08/22/2019
Death Row : Still applied
Methodology in use : electric chair and lethal injection1,2.